Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are a group of essential FAs, which cannot be synthesized in sufficient amounts required for health, and therefore, they are components of the human diet.
- DHA possesses a variety of immune modulating effects.
- DHA plays a vital role in the functioning of the human brain, eyes, heart, reproductive glands, nervous system as well as hormone receptors
- Omega-3 fatty acids is a very important nutrient for pregnant mothers because it is essential to the growth of the foetus and its brain development.
- Omega-3 fatty acids as a part of diet help lower the risk of heart diseases
- Omega-3 fatty acids are highly concentrated in the brain and appear to be important for cognitive (brain memory and performance) and behavioral function. DHA specially is essential for the proper functioning of the brain and for the development of nervous system and visual abilities during the first 6 months of life.
The major end use market for omega-3 fatty acids is the nutraceutical sector. The total market for Omega-3 fatty acids was about $3.07 billion in 2018, of which about $950 million was for Omega-3 fatty acids from algae. This market is expected to grow at a CAGR of almost 8.73% during the 2018-2023 period.